In his essay, “Iconography and Iconology: An Introduction to the Study of Renaissance Art,” (review it here) Panofsky defines different levels of. Part Three: Icon, Iconography and Iconology The ideas of Erwin Panofsky and how they were employed or not have depended upon trends. most of the inquiry into Panofsky’s work as an incipient “semiotic”: Gothic Architecture and Scholasticism and “Iconography and. Iconology: An Introduction to the.

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As Michael Podro pointed out, What then could provide an absolute viewpoint form which we might elucidate a painting or a building? Publications Pages Publications Pages.

This is not a tautology.

Sign in with your library card. Panofksy established a layered or step-by-step method that was slow and deliberate, requiring an extensive education on not just the work of art but also of its culture of origin.

InCreighton Gilbert added another opinion about the meaning of the word “iconology”. As far as the images are concerned: At the same time, in art historical practice iconography and iconology feed into each other, ajd the literature surveyed in this bibliography shows.

Humanistic Themes in the Art of the Renaissance.

Whilst based on the fundamental cells of meaning the objects and events which constitute artistic motifs abd, this typology is also concerned iconogrpahy how their rearrangements in order to construct themes depend on the correspondent historical conditions. An Introduction to the Study of Renaissance Art.

Mitchell writes that iconology is a study of “what to say about images”, concerned with the description and interpretation of visual art, and also a study of “what images say” — the ways in which they seem to speak for themselves by persuading, telling stories, or describing.

Even if their existence continues they are in constant danger of losing their meaning. Please subscribe or login. What Panosksy wanted to do was to provide art history with a Kantian a priorito fix art historical methods in the realms of a universal or necessary judgment.


Erwin Panofsky defines iconography as “a known principle in the known world”, while iconology is “an iconography turned interpretive”. Thus iconology operates not only by studying the objective a certain historical context by means of pxnofsky subjective a certain artistic vision and the whole by means of a part, but also by discovering the iconologj shaped by exterior reality: As Holly pointed out.

Iconography and Iconology

An iconological investigation should concentrate on the social-historical, not art-historical, influences and values that the artist might not have consciously brought into play but are nevertheless present. If you have found this material useful, please give credit to. Export Citations Print Email Share. Princeton University Press, New Yorkpp. The discipline of art history in America was greatly enriched by his intellectual and philosophical approach and put what was still a relatively new field of study in his new country on a sounder footing.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Manchester University Press,p. Let us, then, try to iconogrzphy the distinction between subject matter or meaning on panofsiy one hand and form on the other…The meaning thus discovered may be called intrinsic meaning or content ; icono,ogy is essential where the two other kinds of meaning, the primary or natural and the secondary or conventionalare phenomenal. Because many of its scholars were Jewish, art history was hunted from Europe by the Nazis.

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Iconography is that branch of the history of art which concerns itself with the subject matter or meaning of works of art, as opposed to their form. Log In Sign Up.

It is derived from synthesis rather than scattered analysis and examines symbolic meaning on more than its face value by reconciling it with its historical context and with the artist’s body of work [2] — in contrast to the widely descriptive iconographywhich, as described xnd Panofsky, is an approach to studying the content and meaning of works of art that is primarily focused on classifying, establishing dates, provenance and other necessary fundamental knowledge concerning the subject matter of an artwork that is needed for further interpretation.


Jump to Other Articles: The first general introduction to the subject. As an art historian, he felt that his primary task was to make sure that his studies of works of art rested on a firm foundation or to establish an epistemology of art history. Symbols, Allusions and Meaning in the Visual Arts. The volume as a whole contains his most important contributions to Renaissance iconography. Warburg used the term “iconography” panofssky his early research, replacing it in with “iconology” in his particular method of visual interpretation called “critical iconology”, which focused on the tracing of motifs through different cultures and visual forms.

Erwin Panofsky and Iconography, Part Three | Art History Unstuffed

For several years, new approaches to iconology have developed in the theory of images. Studies in Iconology is the title of a book by Erwin Panofsky on humanistic themes in the art of the Renaissance, which was first published in The tripartite iconographical method of layered meanings or strata, has its basis not just in the Warburgian notion of motif but also in the ideas of Saussure.

Panofsky is often criticized, but as a pioneering attempt to provide a philosophy of iconology it forms the starting point for later writers who differ from it GombrichTaylor