GEORGIUS AGRICOLA t. DE RE METALLICA. TRANSLATED FROM THE FIRST LATIN EDITION OF with. Biographical Introduction, Annotations and. De Re Metallica By: Georgius Agricola Originally published in , Agricola’s De ReM etallica was the first book on mining to be based on field research. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. A Presidential Classic The original edition of De Re Metallica (On the Nature of Metals, or Minerals) by Georg Bauer, writing.
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The shifts of the miners are fixed.
De Re Metallica was a comprehensive treatise on the state of the art at the time of mining, refining, and smelting metals. Publication in Latin meant that agicola could be read by any educated European of the time. With this introduction Agricola shows how innovative his work really is.
This originally appeared inpublished by The mining magazine; in a reprint appeared at Dover in New York. This book describes separating silver from copper or iron. This book is extensively illustrated and describes the tools and metaplica associated with mining. Agricola completes his introduction by explaining that, since no other author has described the art of metals completely, he has written this work, setting forth his scheme for twelve books. This is achieved by adding large amounts of lead at a temperature just above the melting point of lead.
As was befitting a scholar of his time he wrote about all kinds of subjects: Another famous mining town is Falun in Sweden where since the thirteenth century until the present day copper is being won.
Finally ladders and lifts using wicker cages are used to get miners up and down shafts. It was a small, cosmopolitan elite within which existing knowledge was passed on and further developed but not shared with the outside world. Nevertheless, initially quarrying predominantly existed at the surface or in shallow open grooves.
The rest of the book covers the laws of mining. Agricola describes precautions for ensuring the amount of lead is correct and also describes the amalgamation of gold with mercury. As a man of science he wanted those surviving practices critically reviewed. Agricola describes searching streams for metals and gems that have been washed from the veins. The gold and silver can then be recovered with cupellation.
A book that showed there were things beyond the classical writers which were worth knowing about and ge became an example of accurate, independent research. The use of water for washing ores is discussed in great detail, e.
The fact that people with a theoretical training apparatus and methods would take a closer look at practice and on the basis of their theoretical knowledge would try to improve those techniques.
De re metallica
In the Middle Ages these people held the same leading role as the master builders of the great cathedrals, or perhaps also alchemists. The book metalkica stimulated the interest in metallicca practical examinations and techniques.
Much experiential knowledge had been accumulated over the course of time in the following areas:. Views Read Edit View history. Inthe Dover edition came out. Joachimsthal in the Ore mountains. This section is full of classical references and shows Agricola’s classical education to its fullest.
Agricola describes several books contemporary to him, georgiuss chief being a booklet by Calbus of Freiberg in German. The second is a German translation, delivered from the Deutsches Museum in Munich: The scorifier is removed and the metal transferred to the cupel.
De Re Metallica full text & illustrated. Agricola. Hoover.
His principal work, however, are the twelve books De Re Metallica. Now in its sixty-first year as a Dover book, first in hardcover, now in paperback, Dover’s De Re Metallica is now one of the most successful books Dover has ever published. Opponents of this idea point out, however, that all pioneers of science were formed in the traditional form of learning of their time, even though they departed from it later.