Baku: An Eventful History [James Dodds Henry] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This is a reproduction of a book published before Baku: an eventful history. Front Cover. James Dodds Henry. A. Constable & Co., ltd., – Armenian question – pages. Baku: An Eventful History. Front Cover. James Dodds Henry. A. Constable & Company, Limited, – Petroleum industry and trade – pages.

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Two or three months after the abolition of the contract system the number of petroleum refineries increased at such 46 BAKU. This he eliminated by washing with a weak solution of hydrochloric acid.

No sooner was the contract regime abolished than numerous engineering shops were erected, but work was not started without considerable difficulty, much of it of a kind that was not expected.

A total of acres was disposed of in this manner. At Golden Bazaar a still more prolific spouter was brought in at the end of on group No. This product, locally known as kir, was obtainable for a trifle, and, what was more, the Eternal Fires, which he desired to use for fuel, were close at hand. The inevitable result was a glut of oil and a slump in prices, the market being further affected by the fact that the refining industry was passing through a crisis.

In the day time these fires are not particularly striking, but at night, when they illuminate the gloomy and deserted neighbourhood, the picture changes, and, behold, the simple temple of the fire worshippers becomes a fairy castle.

Page 18 – Butter of kine and milk of sheep, With fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, And goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; And thou didst drink the pure blood of the grape. The owners of both groups had erected refineries on their properties.

The American petroleum-photogen was a light grade, absolutely clear oil, burning perfectly in the lamp.

Henry possesses in a high degree the capacity for rapid collection and orderly recording of facts. There is abundant evidence that the oil fields ecentful Russia are not played out.

When it burst forth the oil flowed in rivers over the entire field, and the news of the strike created quite a sensation at St. Modern Baku, the city that has been so much talked about this autumn, is the greatest blood spot in the mysterious, rebellious and blood-stained Caucasus.

The originators of the scheme never gave a thought to the possibility of extracting illuminating oil from petroleum, and kir only was to provide the raw material. Some of the most famous of the wild wells of Baku have, as I have described in this work, wrought such terrible havoc in the fields that no unnecessary risks are taken, while everything possible is done to prevent destruction of property and loss of Ufe.


Twice this year has Baku burned red in the eye of the world. The distillate was perfectly clear, ready for immediate use, and, what was of even greater importance, the yield was much higher than from kir.

Catalog Record: Baku, an eventful history | Hathi Trust Digital Library

The residuum was allowed to run into pits, where it was burned, while the dregs collected in pools in the public streets. The first well on private ground was drilled to the right of the Mashtagi road, almost facing No. The owners of the Surakhani and Holy Island works jealously guarded their secrets, but these leaked out, and the first refinery in Baku town was erected in by an unknown and uneducated Armenian, Djevat Melikov, a former employe at the Witte works.

This measure was one of far-reaching importance, especially when viewed in connection with the rapid drop of prices which occurred in America as well as in Russia. The E-mail Address es you entered is are not in a valid format. About the middle ofthe manager of one of the new Baku refineries applied to the Excise Department of the Caucasus for exemption, but received a refusal.

Transport and Drilling Improvements March I2th, this year, when I sent off my first account of the massacres of that time, I started in this manner — ” Baku has the reputation of being a city of blood.

Without Customs protection the home industry, then eventvul the first stage of development, would have been crushed out of existence by American competition, and this would have been easy because the Americans had secured a firm footing on the Russian markets at a time when the home industry was in embryo.

As the representative nf the Ministry of Finance he has visit ‘d most of the oil fields of ihe world, and some three years ago hr reported on eventfil state of the l’,ritisli ml market. No sooner, however, had they learned, or thought they had learned, how to produce photogen than they found reasons why they should get rid of the inventor.

Only the wind and waves are capable of extinguishing the fire, which is historu 28 BAKU. The erection of new refineries proceeded apace, and in a short time what is known as the Black Town, a huge conglomeration of refineries, workshops, and dwellings, was formed on this reservation just outside Baku.

These include represen- tatives of nearly all European nations. Hmelin, the Russian academician, who visited Hixtory in 1 77 1, mentioned that the local fire worshippers are descendants of the old Guebrs.

Baku: an eventful history,

Thus, when residuum was as low as five copecks a pood at Baku, it could not evenful delivered at Nizhni for less than eighty-three copecks, the price working out as follows: The egentful refined, first with strong sulphuric acid, and then histoty weak caustic soda, was once more washed with weak solution of sulphuric or hydrochloric acid and allowed to settle.


The acid they obtained from Moscow, but of soda they had no definite conception and were led to try and replace it, some with sea water and some with ordinary salt water.

The stills yielded 68 per cent, of distillate consisting of 60 per cent, of scale, and 8 per cent, of a light brown illuminating oil. The next difficulty producers had to face was the delivery of the oil from the wells to the refineries, and its subsequent carriage in the crude or refined state to the consumer.

Catalog Record: Baku, an eventful history | Hathi Trust Digital Library

In order to secure a still firmer grip on the industry he started to build a large refinery. WorldCat is the world’s largest library catalog, helping you find library materials online.

The spot was surrounded, declared to be sacred, and was thenceforth known as ” The purifying spot Naphthar. In a water fountain the rush comes inter- mittently ; in an oil fountain it comes periodically. This was due to the industry depending on a single route — the Caspian Sea — for the export of its pro- ducts.

Binagadi started well ; there was not a single dry hole. In petroleum sources were discovered in the United States. The start was tame, the well being easily capped, but while the cap arrangement was being made safer the pressure shattered it, and the oil burst forth with a fury which nothing could check.

There, Gibbon says, he signalised the zeal and revenge of a Christian emperor ; at his command the soldiers extinguished the fire and destroyed the temples of the Magi.

Owing to these excise anomalies the refining industry failed to develop as smoothly as the producing industry. For some years the refiners paid the Nobels 5 copecks per pood of crude piped a distance of 6J miles.

We rowed round it, and then away, but the flame could be seen dancing up and down with the waves till we had gone nearly a mile distant. On the left of the main road going from Baku to Mashtagi, on the northern shore of the Apscheron Peninsula, and opposite the village of Balakhani, there were a few shallow pits.

When I entered the derrick, from which all the machinery had been removed, the water was welling up over the top of the casing and squirting through the rivet holes.

Therefore, I caution you that everyone guilty in future of such criminal actions as shooting from houses and roofs will be dealt with in a similar manner. When his apparatus became a success, he left bakuu company and started as an engineer and contract driller.

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