Simarubàcia, Simarubàcies o Simaroubaceae és una família de plantes amb flors. Sobre la seva classificació taxonòmica hi ha hagut un important debat. Họ (familia), Simaroubaceae . “The Ecological Impact of Allelopathy in Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae)”. American “Simaroubàceae—Ailanthus family”. Euleria (Anacardiaceae) is Pier asma (Simaroubaceae): The genus genera of Simaroubaceae and species of Picrasma. .. Palinología de la familia.
|Published (Last):||6 October 2011|
|PDF File Size:||1.73 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.4 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Comparative anatomy of the secondary xylem in the gruinales and terebinthales of wettstein with reference to taxonomic grouping. Eurycoma longifolia, stimulated the increase in spermatogenesis and fertility in rats Low et al.
Canthinones have been reported to have a large array of activities, such as antiviral, cytotoxic, antiparasitic, antibacterial, high pro-inflammatory cytokines reducer, among others Showalter, In this context, the family was divided in four tribes: It differs from the others by its absence of secretory cavities containing aromatic oils in leaves and floral parts Fernando and Quinn, and by the presence of quassinoids, exclusive of Simaroubaceae Thomas, Simaroubeae, Harrisonieae, Ailantheae and Spathelieae.
Many genera from the Simaroubaceae family have been reported familua express quassinoids Chart 1. The main distribution hot spots are located at tropical areas of America, extending to Africa, Madagascar and regions of Australia bathed by the Pacific. This is an Sikaroubaceae Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Biological activity of neosergeolide and simaroubaaceae B and two semi-synthetic derivatives isolated from the Amazonian medicinal plant Picrolemma sprucei Simaroubaceae.
In this context, Shields et al. Dermocosmetics for dry skin: Quassinoids from Quassia indica. Pharmacological mechanisms underlying the anti-ulcer activity of methanol extract and canthinone of Simaba ferruginea A.
Failia of chaparramarin, a quassinoid from Castela tortuosa. In this context, in order to base and direct future studies, the present work is a review of literature from untiland contemplates botanical, chemical and pharmacological aspects of the family’s main species.
The subfamilies’ affinities have been thoroughly discussed, and five of its six subfamilies; Surianoideae, Kirkioideae, Irvingioideae, Picrammioideae and Alvaradoideae, have been removed from the family.
Família Simaroubaceae by Jesus Souza on Prezi
Quassiol A, a novel squalene triterpene from Quassia multifrora. The major metabolites related to the antitumoral activity of several species include quassinoids and alkaloids Rivero-Cruz et al. TakhtajanCronquist and Thorne excluded one or more simaroubacae. Nevertheless, many of its species have not been studied or remain unexplored. New findings on simalikalactone D, an antimalarial compound from Quassia amara L.
At high concentrations some quassinoids show in vitro antiviral activity. Introduction The Simaroubaceae family includes 32 genera and more than species of trees and brushes of pantropical distribution.
This class of secondary metabolites has been largely reported in the literature for numerous genera of Simaroubaceae, like Quassia, Brucea, Picramnia Castela, Simarouba and Ailanthus Chart 1. It is characterized by its content of bitter substances, mostly responsible for its pharmaceutical properties Fernando and Quinn, ; Muhammad et al. Antiplasmodial activity of extracts and quassinoids isolated from seedlings of Ailanthus altissima Simarouba eae.
Antiulcerogenic activity of four extracts obtained from the bark wood of Quassia amara L.
Simaroubaceae – Wikispecies
Many quassinoids have been deemed the responsible agents for alterations in feeding behaviour and growth regulation of insects Govindachari et al.
Potential anticancer agents VI. Kundu and Laskar highlighted the presence of nineteen flavonoids in five species of Ailanthus, among other metabolites, like chromones, fatty acids, volatile compounds, proteins and others. Phenylpropanoids and other secondary metabolites from fresh fruits of Picrasma quassioides.
The studies of Fernando and collaborators on rbcL sequence variation clearly showed that Simaroubaceae is polyphyletic, which based the recognition of the families Surianaceae sensu Cronquist, Kirkiaceae and Irvingiaceae, previously segregated to Simaroubaceae.
Cachet and collaborators demonstrated the antimalarial activity from simalikalactone E. Regarding the sikaroubaceae structure, they can be structurally classified into five groups: Antiplasmodial studies of Eurycoma longifolia Jack using lactate dehydrogenase assay of Plasmodium falciparum.
The natural occurrence of melianodiol and its diacetate in Simarroubaceae madagascariensis Simaroubaceae: Triterpenes and anthraquinones from Picramnia selowii Planchon in Hook Simaroubaceae. A brief resume on the genus Ailanthus: The last classification of Englerthe most used, was based on the number and nature of the carpels and styles, number and position of ovules, presence or absence of scales at the filaments’ base and composition of the leaf.
Simaroubaceae growing in Democratic Republic of Congo. Two new quassinoids from Simaba multiflora simaroubacceae. This family is of great importance and relevance in the ethnopharmacological framework since many of its species are widely used in the folk medicine practice of many countries, and are part of the official compendia.
Among the most potent quassinoids with such antitumor activity, brucea ntin, brucea ntinol, glacarubinone and simalikalctone D Guo et al.
Glaucarubinone has also been reported to show activity against solid and multiresilient mammary tumors in rats Valeriote et al. In vitro studies of the anthelmintic activity of Picrolemma sprucei Hook.
The american genera of Simaroubaceae and their distribution. Structures of shinjulactones B, D and E.
Impact on its antimalarial activity and cytotoxicity. Standardized quassinoidrich Eurycoma longifolia extract improved spermatogenesis and fertility in male rats via the hypothalamic-pituitarygonadal axis. Simaroubxceae preparation and purification of quassin and neoquassin, with information concerning their molecular formulas. Antidiabetic activity of standardized extraxt of Quassia amara in nicotinamide-streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Triterpene benzoates from the bark of Picramnia teapensis Simaroubaceae.
A new neolignan and a new sesterterpenoid from the stems of Picrasma quassioides Bennet.